This paper analyses the influence of family in academic and professional trajectories. This paper does not accept the dichotomy between the theories of meritocracy and reproduction. The discourse of meritocracy affirms that the achievements in the academic and professional trajectories are based exclusively on individual merits. On the contrary, the perspective of the reproduction theories focuses on the importance of family. The correspondence theory is one of the reproduction theories and it describes a reproduction dynamic in which the influence of family determines academic and professional trajectories. The qualitative research on these trajectories shows the importance of family as a strong conditioning element on the academic and professional trajectories. However, this research also shows how the influence of family does not determine the development of trajectories. Family is a social institution in which reproduction is one of the aims, but it is not the only one. Besides, the transmission of family strategy is never completely successful. Moreover, the agents involved in the transmission within the family do not mechanically perform according to their social position. They are always interpreting their situation. Therefore, determinist transmission is not possible.
|Keywords:||Family, Reproduction, Correspondence, Meritocracy, Academic and Professional Trajectories|
Assistant Professor, Department of Didactics and School Organisation, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastian, Spain