|Published Online: November 5, 2015||$US5.00|
The objective of this study was to examine whether post-migration stressors mediate the relationship between pre-migration trauma and refugee psychological distress, regardless of host country status. Sri Lankan refugees living in Canada and India (n=83) were surveyed using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Post-Migration Living Difficulties Checklist, and the Symptoms Check List. Results indicate that the relationship between pre-migration trauma and psychological distress was partially mediated by post-migration stressors (b=1.03, 95% BCa CI (.18 2.5) and increased variance explained from 15.4% to 19.9% when included in the final model, while controlling for host country. The direct relationship between pre-migration trauma and psychological distress reduced, but remained significant (b=3.30, 95% BCa CI (.64, 5.95)). Implication for practice is that the failure to include post-migration stressors in explanatory models of distress will overestimate the predictive power of war exposure, and will overlook variance in refugee distress.
|Keywords:||Migration Stressors,, Sri Lankan Tamil Refugees,, Refugee Distress,, Acute Refugees,, Typology of Refugees,, Mediation|
The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social and Community Studies, Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2016, pp.1-16. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: November 5, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 593.036KB)).
Assistant Professor, School Of Social Work, Virginia Commonwealth University, Midlothian, Virginia, USA
Doctoral Condidate, School of Social Work, Virginia Commonwealth University, Midlothian, Virginia, USA